Germanium electron configuration

Ge (Germanium) is an element with position number 32 in the periodic table. Located in the IV period. Melting point: 937.4 ℃. Density: 5.32 g/cm3.
Electronic configuration of the Germanium atom in ascending order of orbital energies:
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p2

Electronic configuration of the Germanium atom in ascending order of the levels:
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p2

Reduced electronic configuration Ge:
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2

Below is the electronic diagram of the Germanium atom
Orbital diagram of the Germanium atom
Distribution of electrons over energy levels in the Ge atom
1-st level (K): 2
2-st level (L): 8
3-st level (M): 18
4-st level (N): 4
Distribution of electrons in the Germanium

Valence electrons of Germanium

The number of valence electrons in a Germanium atom - 4.
Below are their quantum numbers (N - energy, L - angular momentum, M - magnetic moment, S - spin )
OrbitalNLMS
s400+1/2
s400-1/2
p41-1+1/2
p410+1/2
Oxidation states of Germanium: -4, +1, +2, +3, +4
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